GATE CareerBhai

Welcome to GATE CareerBhai Website!

Welcome to GATE CareerBhai Website!!

Wednesday, 26 September 2012

Online Free Study Material: MIT OCW and NPTEL (MIT OpenCourseWare and National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning by GOI)

MIT-OCW and NPTEL: Providing Video Lectures, Exams for free web based learning 

MIT OCW is famous in world wide students community, and NPTEL is specially meant for Indian Technical Students.

More about OCW Movement

MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) - Top Technical Institute all over the world, got the credit of formally launching the Open-Course-Ware OCW Movement, to provide web based learning contents to worldwide students.

According to Wikipedia:
The movement started in 1999 when the University of Tübingen in Germany published videos of lectures online in the context of its timms initiative.[1] The OCW movement only took off, however, with the launch of MIT OpenCourseWare at MIT in October 2002.
Please, note that apart from MIT, there are lots of universities like UN Univ, Univ of Madrid etc. are providing web based learning content. These are very must for the students who are learning on their own - Self Study, and even also useful to students who are taking coaching, to form deeper insights about the learning subjects.
Since, Lots of Universities are providing web-based learning and joined the OCW movement, We encourage you to use search engine. We have stumbled on a widely used OCW Search Engine:
Complete Catalogue for OCW can be accessed here:


Unlocking Knowledge, Empowering Minds.
Free lecture notes, exams, and videos from MIT. No registration required.

MIT OpenCourseWare (OCW) is a web-based publication of virtually all MIT course content. OCW is open and available to the world and is a permanent MIT activity.

What is MIT OpenCourseWare?
MIT OpenCourseWare is a free publication of MIT course materials that reflects almost all the undergraduate and graduate subjects taught at MIT.
OCW is not an MIT education.
OCW does not grant degrees or certificates.
OCW does not provide access to MIT faculty.
Materials may not reflect entire content of the course.

How do I register to use MIT OpenCourseWare?
There is no registration or enrollment process because OCW is not a credit-bearing or degree-granting initiative.

Can I get a certificate?
No. MIT OpenCourseWare is a publication of the course materials that support the dynamic classroom interactions of an MIT education; it is not a degree-granting or credit-bearing initiative. However, you should work through the materials at your own pace, and in whatever manner you desire.

How do I find what courses are available? How do I search your site?
A site overview is available for MIT OpenCourseWare. You can also browse courses by department or use the advanced search to locate a specific course or topic.

High school students and educators should check out Highlights for High School.

National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning (NPTEL) by the help of Ministry of HRD, India

In the first phase of the NPTEL project (June 2003-June 2007), seven IITs and the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) have worked together to develop web and video based material for basic undergraduate science and engineering courses order to enhance the reach and quality of technical education in the country.

NPTEL Website:


Available United Nations University (UNU) Courses

  1. Training Course on Mangroves and Biodiversity Monday, August 15, 2011 7:12 AM:  This course was developed by the Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology, Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu, India with financial support from the United Nations University.
  2. Technology, Industrial Development and Economic Growth in Developing Countries Friday, November 20, 2009 3:07 PM
  3. Sectoral Systems of Innovation Friday, November 20, 2009 2:43 PM
  4. Innovation Studies and Development (Audio)Monday, August 31, 2009 1:54 PM: Lecture by Anthony Bartzokas and summing up the preliminary reading materials
  5. Environment and Sustainable Development Friday, August 28, 2009 4:44 PM
  6. Innovation Dynamics and Industrial Change (Audio)Tuesday, August 18, 2009 3:18 PM
  7. The Social Construction of Technology in Development (Audio)Tuesday, February 26, 2008 6:40 PM: This course will introduce recent approaches in constructivist technology studies, elaborate and investigate their relevance for development studies, and explore their
    background in the sociology and philosophy of science.
  8. Knowledge for Development Monday, February 11, 2008 6:01 PM
  9. Economic Development and Innovation Studies  (Audio) Thursday, February 07, 2008 6:56 PM
  10. Introduction to Integrated Water Resource Management Tuesday, January 29, 2008 12:17 PM:An Introduction to Integrated Water Resources Management
  11. Ontology, Semantic Web and Electronic Government Thursday, January 24, 2008 8:47 AM
  12. Structures and Processes for Implementing and Operating e-Governance Wednesday, January 23, 2008 2:24 PM: This course discusses organizational transformation in the context of electronic governance.
  13. Workflow and Business Process Management for Electronic Government Wednesday, January 23, 2008 12:50 PM:  This course aims to provide a basic understanding of technologies supporting e-governance. It examines Workflow and Business Process Management for Electronic Government.
  14. Building a Community of Practice for Electronic Governance Wednesday, January 23, 2008 12:50 PM: The course describes the rationale, objectives, activities and future directions of the initiative.
  15. Strategic Planning for Electronic Governance, Wednesday, January 23, 2008 12:48 PM: This course aims to provide a basic understanding of e-governance strategies and teaches how an effective strategic plan can be developed through a process. Important elements of the strategic plans of some e-governance leaders are also discussed as case studies.

[1] MIT OCW website: OCW.MIT.EDU
[2] Wikipedia Article on OCW
[3] HRD NPTEL Document
[4] NPTEL Website

Sunday, 19 August 2012

GATE Exam Centre Statewise

GATE 2013 Centres for Offline and Online Examination (Statewise and Zonewise) 

  • GATE Organising Institute( - Official Website of GATE 2013) has provided the list of Online and Offline exam centres for conducting the GATE exam. 
  • The cities having centers for online exam papers are different from those for offline exam papers. 
  • First determine if the paper of your choice is to be conducted online or offline, and check for a city in the state of your choice. 
  • Look at the Zonal GATE Office (Either of the IITs or IISc) for your Centre/State. 
  • This Zonal office will be your point of contact for any enquiries regarding your exam center.

State Exam Mode City Zonal GATE Office
Andhra Pradesh ONLINE Ananthapur, Hyderabad, Kurnool, Secunderabad IISc
Kakinada, Vijayawada,Visakhapatnam IITKGP
Bapatla, Guntur, Kadapa,Nellore, Tirupati, Warangal IITM
OFFLINE Ananthapur, Hyderabad, Kurnool, Mahabubnagar, Secunderabad IISc
Bhimavaram , Eluru ,Kakinada, Machilipatnam,Rajahmundry, Srikakulam, Tadepalligudem,Vijayawada,Visakhapatnam IITKGP
Bapatla, Chittoor, Gudur,Guntur, Kadapa, Karimnagar, Khammam, Kothagudem, Manchiryal, Nalgonda,Nellore, Ongole, Tenali, Tirupati,Warangal IITM
Arunachal Pradesh ONLINE —-
Assam ONLINE Guwahati, Jorhat, Silchar, Tezpur IITG
OFFLINE Guwahati, Jorhat, Silchar, Tezpur IITG
OFFLINE Bhagalpur,Patna IITG
Chattisgarh ONLINE Bilaspur,Raipur IITKGP
OFFLINE Bilaspur,Raipur IITKGP
OFFLINE Delhi Central, Delhi East, Delhi North, Delhi South, Delhi West IITD
Gujarat ONLINE Ahmedabad,Rajkot,Surat, Vadodara IITB
OFFLINE Ahmedabad, Mahesana,Rajkot,Surat, Vadodara IITB
Haryana ONLINE Faridabad, Gurgaon IITD
Hisar, Kurukshetra, Rohtak IITR
OFFLINE Faridabad, Gurgaon IITD
Hisar, Kurukshetra, Rohtak, Yamunanagar IITR
Himachal Pradesh ONLINE Hamirpur, Shimla IITR
OFFLINE Hamirpur, Shimla IITR
Jammu & Kashmir ONLINE Jammu IITR
Jharkhand ONLINE Dhanbad IITG
Jamshedpur,Ranchi IITKGP
Jamshedpur,Ranchi IITKGP
Karnataka ONLINE Belgaum, Bengaluru, Davengere, Hassan, Hubli, Mangalore, Manipal, Mysore, Surathkal IISc
Gulbarga IITB
OFFLINE Bagalkot ,Belgaum, Bengaluru, Davangere, Hassan, Hubli, Mangalore, Manipal,Mysore, Surathkal IISc
Gulbarga IITB
Kerala ONLINE Kanjirappally, Kannur, Kollam, Kottayam,Kozhikode, Palakkad, Thrissur IISc
Ernakulam, Thiruvananthapuram IITM
OFFLINE Alappuzha (Aleppy), Chengannur, Kanjirappally, Kannur, Kollam, Kothamangalam, Kottayam, Kozhikode, Palakkad, Thrissur IISc
Ernakulam, Thiruvananthapuram, IITM
Madhya Pradesh ONLINE Indore,Ujjain IITD
Bhopal,Gwalior,Jabalpur IITK
OFFLINE Indore,Ujjain IITD
Bhopal,Gwalior,Jabalpur, Saugar (Sagar, MP) IITK
Maharashtra ONLINE Ahmednagar,Amravati,Aurangabad, Jalgaon,Kolhapur, Mumbai (Central Line), Mumbai (Western Line), Nagpur, Nanded, Nashik, Navi Mumbai, Pune (City)
Pune (Pimpri Chinchwad), Sangli, Solapur, Thane
OFFLINE Ahmednagar, Akola, Amravati, Aurangabad, Bhusawal, Gondia, Jalgaon, Kolhapur, Latur, Lonavala, Loni, Mumbai (Central Line), Mumbai (Western Line), Nagpur, Nanded, Nashik, Navi Mumbai, Pandharpur, Pune (City)
Pune (Pimpri Chinchwad), Sangli, Satara, Shegaon, Solapur, Thane, Wardha
Manipur ONLINE Imphal IITG
Orissa ONLINE Bhubaneswar,Cuttack,Rourkela, Sambalpur IITKGP
OFFLINE Balasore, Berhampur,Bhubaneswar,Cuttack,Rourkela, Sambalpur IITKGP
Puducherry ONLINE Puducherry IITM
Punjab ONLINE Amritsar, Bathinda,Chandigarh, Jalandhar,Patiala IITR
OFFLINE Amritsar, Bathinda,Chandigarh, Jalandhar,Ludhiana,Patiala IITR
Rajasthan ONLINE Ajmer,Bikaner, Jaipur,Jodhpur,Kota,Udaipur IITD
OFFLINE Ajmer, Alwar,Bikaner, Jaipur,Jodhpur,Kota, Sikar,Udaipur IITD
Sikkim ONLINE —-
Tamil Nadu ONLINE Chennai, Chidambaram,Coimbatore,Madurai,Salem, Thanjavur, Tiruchirapalli, Tirunelveli,Vellore IITM
OFFLINE Chennai North, Chennai South, Chidambaram,Coimbatore, Dindigul,Madurai, Nagercoil,Salem, Thanjavur, Tiruchirapalli, Tirunelveli,Vellore IITM
Tripura ONLINE Agartala IITG
Uttar Pradesh ONLINE Agra,Aligarh,Allahabad,Bareilly,Kanpur,Lucknow,Varanasi IITK
Ghaziabad,Meerut, Muzaffarnagar, Noida IITR
Agra,Aligarh,Allahabad,Bareilly,Gorakhpur,Jhansi,Kanpur,Lucknow, Sultanpur,Varanasi IITK
Bijnor,Ghaziabad,Meerut, Muzaffarnagar, Noida IITR
Uttarakhand ONLINE Dehradun, Haldwani, Roorkee IITR
OFFLINE Dehradun, Haldwani, Haridwar, Roorkee, Srinagar IITR
West Bengal ONLINE Asansol, Durgapur, Kalyani, Siliguri IITG
Kharagpur, Greater Kolkata (North), Greater Kolkata (South) IITKGP
OFFLINE Asansol, Durgapur, Kalyani, Siliguri IITG
Kharagpur, Kolkata IITKGP
Please note that this may not be the final list of cities. The GATE Committee reserves the right to add or remove cities from this list.

Eligibility Criteria and Online Application for GATE Examination

Eligibility Criteria for GATE 2013 Examination:

Only the following categories of candidates are eligible to appear for GATE 2013. Necessary supporting documents must be submitted ONLINE or by post during the submission of the application form for the exam. Please read this carefully and make sure that your year of qualification is not later that what is specified below.
Qualifying Degree (Short) Qualifying Degree/Examination (Descriptive) Description of Eligible Candidates Year of qualification cannot be later than Copies of Certificates to be submitted
Passed in the year 2012 or earlier Expected to complete in 2013 or later
B.E./B.Tech/B.Arch Bachelor’s degree in Engineering/Technology/Architecture (4 years after 10+2/Post B.Sc./Post-Diploma) 4th year or Completed 2013 Degree Certificate / Provisional Certificate / Course Completion Certificate Certificate from Principal (See below)
MSc./M.A./MCA equivalent Master’s degree in any branch of Science / Mathematics / Statistics / Computer Applications or equivalent Final year or Completed 2013 Degree Certificate / Provisional Certificate / Course Completion Certificate (pertaining to Masters degree) Certificate from Principal (See below)
Int. M.E./M.Tech or DD (after 10+2 or Diploma) Integrated Master’s degree programs or Dual Degree programs in Engineering / Technology (Five year programme) 4th/5th Year or Completed 2014 Degree Certificate / Provisional Certificate / Course Completion Certificate Certificate from Principal (See below)
Int. M.E/M.Tech (Post BSc) Post-BSc Integrated Master’s degree programs in Engineering / Technology (Four year programme) 2nd/3rd/4th year or Completed 2015 Degree Certificate / Provisional Certificate / Course Completion Certificate Certificate from Principal (See below)
Professional Society Examinations (equivalent to B.E/B.Tech/B.Arch) B.E/B.Tech equivalent examinations, of Professional Societies, recognized by MHRD/UPSC/AICTE (e.g. AMIE by Institution of Engineers-India, AMICE by the Institute of Civil Engineers-India) Completed section A or equivalent of such professional courses NA Professional Certificate/ Provisional Certificate/ Course Completion/ Membership Certificate issued by the Society or Institute Copy of Marksheet for Section “A”

Certificate from Principal

Candidates who have to submit a certificate from their Principal, as determined from the above table, have to obtain a signature from their principal on a certificate that will be printed on the application PDF file provided only after completion of online application submission. Therefore, this cannot be scanned and uploaded online.

Candidates with backlogs

Candidates who have appeared in the final semester/year exam in 2012, but with a backlog (arrears/failed subjects) in any of the papers in their qualifying degree should submit
A copy of any one of the marks sheets of the final year, OR
A letter from the principal indicating that the student has a backlog from an earlier semester/year to be cleared, and therefore cannot produce a course completion certificate now. This certificate will also be present in the last portion of the PDF application form provided to the candidate after he/she submit application online.

Contacting Zonal GATE Offices of various IITs and IISc :

GATE is jointly administered and conducted by the Indian Institute of Science and seven Indian Institutes of Technology. Each of the institutes administers a zone and caters to examination cities nearby to the institute. Applicants are assigned a zone at the time of application, based on the first city of choice. Applicants must note this zone number for contact purposes.

GATE online applicant interface must be used by the GATE applicants to contact Zonal GATE offices, which seek to will provide quicker and clearer information through it.
At the last resort, the following methods may be used only if someone is unable to reach the GATE office by the online grievance redressal.

Please, after verifying your Application Zonal GATE Office, follow the respective website below:

Contact Zonal Address with Link
Phone Number
EMail Id
Chairman, GATE
Indian Institute of Science
Bengaluru 560 012
080-2293 2392
080-2360 1227
Chairman, GATE
Indian Institute of Technology
Bombay, Powai,
Mumbai 400 076
022-2576 7068
022-2572 3706
Chairman, GATE
Indian Institute of Technology
Delhi, Hauz Khas,
New Delhi 110 016
011-2659 1749
011-2658 1579
Chairman, GATE
Indian Institute of Technology
Guwahati 781 039
0361-258 2751
0361-258 2755
Chairman, GATE
Indian Institute of Technology
Kanpur 208 016
0512-259 7412
0512-259 0932
Chairman, GATE
Indian Institute of Technology
Kharagpur 721 302
Chairman, GATE
Indian Institute of Technology
Chennai 600 036
044-2257 8200
044-2257 8204
Chairman, GATE
Indian Institute of Technology
Roorkee 247 667

Tuesday, 3 April 2012

MTech Admissions: NSIT Delhi Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology

Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology(NSIT), New Delhi MTech Admissions 2012

Sector - 3, Dwarka (Near Dwarka Mod Metro Station)

Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology (functioned at Kashmere Gate till June, 1998) shifted to its, fully residential campus at Dwarka, New Delhi in July 1998. It was established in 1983 by Delhi Administration with the approval of the Govt. of India to meet the growing demand of manpower in high-tech areas of Engineering & Technology. The Institute has become autonomous since 1987. With in the span of 29 years since its inception in 1983, NSIT has craved a name for itself and it is now an established Institute with well equipped modern laboratories, well laid down ‘Profile of
Growth’ and a strong commitment for achieving excellence in technical education and research with the ultimate goal of achieving University status in near future.

Late Date to Apply: 20 April 2012

List of MTech Programmes (Full Time/Part Time) 

Total Seats in Each Division: 23
(Seats in the Order: General SC/ST Sponsered Part-time )
  1. M.Tech (Signal Processing) 10 03 05 05 under the Division of Electronics & Communication Engineering
  2. M.Tech. (Information System) 10 03 05 05 under the Division of Computer Engineering
  3. M.Tech (Process Control) 10 03 05 05 under the Division of Instrumentation & Control Engineering

MTech Admissions:IIITA Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad

Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad (IIITA)

Location: Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
Institute Website:
Link for PG/MTech Admissions:

List of MTech Courses:

  1. Software Engineering
  2. Wireless Communications and Computing
  3. Intelligent Systems
  4. Robotics
  5. Human Computer Interaction (HCI)
  6. Bio-Informatics
  7. Micro-Electronics
  8. Communication Engineering
Last Date for 2012 PG Admissions:  15th April 2012 upto 6 P.M.
Scholarship for GATE qualified: Rs. 8000 month
Entrance Exam Schedule:
  • Written Test: - 10th May 2012 (10:00 AM - 12:00 Noon)
  • Laboratory Test- 10th May 2012 (2:00 PM - 5:00 PM)
  • Interview of Short-listed Candidates:- 11th May 2012 (9:00 AM onwards)

MTech Admissions:PDPM Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Jabalpur (PDPM-IIITDM)

Pandit Dwarka Prasad Mishra Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Jabalpur (PDPM-IIITDM)

Location: Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh
Institute Website:
Link for PG/MTech Admissions: 

Last Date for 2012 PG Admissions: 14th April 2012 (Online)
                                                21th April 2012 by speed post/registered post.
Scholarship for GATE qualified: Rs. 8000 month

List of Post Graduate Courses:

  • Computer Science & Engineering (CSE) 
  • Electronics & Communication Engineering (ECE)
  • Mechanical Engineering (ME)
  • Mechatronics
  • Computer Science & Engineering (CSE)
  • Electronics & Communication Engineering (ECE)
  • Mechanical Engineering (ME)
  • Design

Seat Matrix Status for Admission in PG in the August Session 2012

Cat.      M.Tech.(CSE) M .Tech.(ECE) M.Tech.(ME) M.Tech(Mechatronics) MDes 
OPEN  08                     08                     08                   07                                  07
OBC    04                     04                     04                   04                                  04
SC       02                     02                     02                   03                                   02
ST         1                       1                       1                     1                                   02
Total   15                      15                     15                   15                                  15


Program Name
Date of start to fill up on line application form
Last date of filling up on line application forms
Last date of Submission of relevant documents along with demand draft
Announcement of short-listed candidates for written   test/ interview

Written Test/Interview MTech/PhD
M. Tech. -Electronics and Communication Engineering/ Computer Science and Engineering   
PhD-Electronics Communication Engineering/Computer Science and Engineering
M.Tech – Mechanical Engineering /  Mechatronics/M Des (Master of Design)
PhD-  Mechanical Engineering /Design
Submission of list of selected candidates to the Academic Office
Announcement of Selected candidates on website
Last date to deposit fee by selected candidates
Announcement of II list of selected candidates From   wait-listed candidates)
Last date to deposit fee by II list candidates
Registration/ Orientation
Commencement of Classes

Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIIT) in India

IIIT Location

List of Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIIT) 

Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs) are a group of four institutes of higher education in India, focused on information technology. They are established by the central government, centrally funded, and managed by the Ministry of Human Resource Development.
These institutes conducted Under-Graduate and Graduate level courses, focussed on information technology. Admissions into undergraduate programmes in IIITs are through the All India Engineering Entrance Examination (AIEEE), and to PG courses is done, based on GATE exam plus other criteria.

1.  Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad (IIITA)

Location: Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
Total No. of Seats:  751
Institute Website:

2. Pandit Dwarka Prasad Mishra Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Jabalpur (PDPM-IIITDM)

Location: Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh
Total No. of Seats: 38
Institute Website:

3. Atal Bihari Vajpayee – Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management, Gwalior (ABV-IIITM)

Location: Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh
Total No. of Seats: 274
Institute Website:

4. Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design & Manufacturing, Kancheepuram (IIITDM)

Location: Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu
Total No. of Seats: 302
Institute Website:

20 New proposed IIITs 

A scheme for setting up 20 new IIITs on Public Private Partnership (PPP) model has been approved by Government at a capital cost of Rs. 128.00 crore for each IIIT to be contributed in the ratio of 50:30:15 by the Central Government, the State Government and the Industry respectively (57.5:35:7.5 in the case of North Eastern region). The concerned State Government will provide 50-100 acres of land, free of cost and initially the new IIITs would be registered as Societies under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.

Tuesday, 28 February 2012

What is GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering)?

Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an all India examination administered and conducted jointly by the Indian Institute of Science(IISc) and seven Indian Institutes of Technology(IITs) on behalf of the National Coordination Board - GATE, Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India.

The GATE committee, which comprises of representatives from the administering institutes, is the sole authority for regulating the examination and declaring the results.

GATE is conducted through the constitution of eight zones. The zones and the corresponding administrative institutes are:

Every year, one of these administrative institutes is entrusted with the overall coordination and responsibility of conducting GATE. Organising Institute for GATE 2012 was Indian Institute of Technology Delhi. 

Admission to postgraduate programmes with MHRD and some other Government scholarships/assistantships in engineering colleges/institutes is open to those who qualify in GATE examination. GATE qualified candidates with Bachelor's degree in Engineering/Technology/Architecture or Master's degree in any branch of Science/Mathematics/Statistics/Computer Applications are eligible for admission to Master's degree programmes in Engineering/Technology/Architecture as well as for Doctoral programmes in relevant branches of Science with MHRD or other government scholarships/assistantships. To avail the scholarship, the candidate must secure admission to such a postgraduate programme, as per the prevailing procedure of the admitting institution. However, candidates with Master's degree in Engineering/Technology/Architecture may seek admission to relevant Doctoral programmes with scholarship/assistantship without appearing in the GATE examination.
Logos of eight institutes:

GATE qualification is also a minimum requirement to apply for various fellowships awarded by many Government organizations.

Also, Check here
1. What are the eligibility requirements of GATE ?
2. What are the benefits of GATE?
3. What are the Various Master Programs in IITs?
4. Can I get a job after qualified GATE?
5. What is GATE Score Card?

Monday, 20 February 2012

Syllabus:GATE Food Technology (Section M)

(Optional Section)

Food Chemistry and Nutrition: 

Carbohydrates: Structure and functional properties of mono- oligo-polysaccharides including starch, cellulose, pectic substances and dietary fibre; Proteins: Classification and structure of proteins in food; Lipids: Classification and structure of lipids, Rancidity of fats, Polymerization and polymorphism; Pigments: Carotenoids, chlorophylls, anthocyanins, tannins and myoglobin; Food flavours: Terpenes, esters, ketones and quinones; Enzymes: Specificity, Kinetics and inhibition, Coenzymes, Enzymatic and non-enzymatic browning; Nutrition: Balanced diet, Essential amino acids and fatty acids, PER, Water soluble and fat soluble vitamins, Role of minerals in nutrition, Antinutrients, Nutrition deficiency diseases.

Food Microbiology: 
Characteristics of microorganisms: Morphology, structure and detection of bacteria, yeast and mold in food, Spores and vegetative cells; Microbial growth in food: Intrinsic and extrinsic factors, Growth and death kinetics, serial dilution method for quantification; Food spoilage: Contributing factors, Spoilage bacteria, Microbial spoilage of milk and milk products, meat and meat products; Foodborne disease: Toxins produced by Staphylococcus, Clostridium and Aspergillus; Bacterial pathogens: Salmonella, Bacillus, Listeria, Escherichia coli, Shigella, Campylobacter; Fermented food: Buttermilk, yoghurt, cheese, sausage, alcoholic beverage, vinegar, sauerkraut and soya sauce.

Food Products Technology: Processing principles: 
Canning, chilling, freezing, dehydration, control of water activity, CA and MA storage, fermentation, hurdle technology, addition of preservatives and food additives, Food packaging, cleaning in place and food laws.; Grain products processing: Milling of rice, wheat, and maize, parboiling of paddy, production of bread, biscuits, extruded products and breakfast cereals, Solvent extraction, refining and hydrogenation of oil; Fruits, vegetables and plantation products processing: Extraction, clarification concentration and packaging of fruit juice, Production of jam, jelly, marmalade, squash, candies, and pickles, pectin from fruit waste, tea, coffee, chocolate and essential oils from spices; Milk and milk products processing: Pasteurized and sterilized milk, cream, butter, ghee, ice-cream, cheese and milk powder; Animal products processing: Drying and canning of fish, post mortem changes, tenderization and freezing of meat, egg powder.

Food Engineering: 
Mass and energy balance; Momentum transfer: Flow rate and pressure drop relationships for Newtonian fluids flowing through pipe, Characteristics of non-Newtonian fluids - generalized viscosity coefficient and Reynolds number, Flow of compressible fluid, Flow measurement, Pumps and compressors; Heat transfer: Heat transfer by conduction, convection, radiation, boiling and condensation, Unsteady state heat transfer in simple geometry, NTU- effectiveness relationship of co-current and counter current double pipe heat exchanger; Mass transfer: Molecular diffusion and Fick's Law, Steady state mass transfer, Convective mass transfer, Permeability of films and laminates; Mechanical operations: Energy requirement and rate of operations involved in size reduction of solids, high pressure homogenization, filtration, centrifugation, settling, sieving, flow through porous bed, agitation of liquid, solid-solid mixing, and single screw extrusion; Thermal operations: Energy requirement and rate of operations involved in process time evaluation in batch and continuous sterilization, evaporation of liquid foods, hot air drying of solids, spray and freeze-drying, freezing and crystallization; Mass transfer operations: Properties of air-water vapor mixture; Humidification and dehumidification operations.

Syllabus:GATE Zoology (XL: Section L)

(Optional Section)

Animal world: 
Animal diversity, distribution, systematics and classification of animals, phylogenetic relationships.

Origin and history of life on earth, theories of evolution, natural selection, adaptation, speciation.

Principles of inheritance, molecular basis of heredity, mutations, cytoplasmic inheritance, linkage and mapping of genes.

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology: 
Nucleic acids, proteins, lipids and carbohydrates; replication, transcription and translation; regulation of gene expression, organization of genome, Kreb's cycle, glycolysis, enzyme catalysis, hormones and their actions, vitamins.

Cell Biology: 
Structure of cell, cellular organelles and their structure and function, cell cycle, cell division, chromosomes and chromatin structure. Eukaryotic gene organization and expression (Basic principles of signal transduction).

Animal Anatomy and Physiology: 
Comparative physiology, the respiratory system, circulatory system, digestive system, the nervous system, the excretory system, the endocrine system, the reproductive system, the skeletal system, osmoregulation.

Parasitology and Immunology: 
Nature of parasite, host-parasite relation, protozoan and helminthic parasites, the immune response, cellular and humoral immune response, evolution of the immune system.

Development Biology: 
Embryonic development, cellular differentiation, organogenesis, metamorphosis, genetic basis of development, stem cells.

The ecosystem, habitats, the food chain, population dynamics, species diversity, zoogerography, biogeochemical cycles, conservation biology.

Animal Behaviour: 
Types of behaviours, courtship, mating and territoriality, instinct, learning and memory, social behaviour across the animal taxa, communication, pheromones, evolution of animal behaviour.

Syllabus:GATE Microbiology (XL: Section K)

(Optional Section)

Historical Perspective: 
Discovery of microbial world; Landmark discoveries relevant to the field of microbiology; Controversy over spontaneous generation; Role of microorganisms in transformation of organic matter and in the causation of diseases.

Methods in Microbiology: 
Pure culture techniques; Theory and practice of sterilization; Principles of microbial nutrition; Enrichment culture techniques for isolation of microorganisms; Light-, phase contrast- and electron-microscopy.

Microbial Taxonomy and Diversity: 
Bacteria, Archea and their broad classification; Eukaryotic microbes: Yeasts, molds and protozoa; Viruses and their classification; Molecular approaches to microbial taxonomy.

Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells: 
Structure and Function

Prokaryotic Cells: 
cell walls, cell membranes, mechanisms of solute transport across membranes, Flagella and Pili, Capsules, Cell inclusions like endospores and gas vesicles; Eukaryotic cell organelles: Endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, mitochondria and chloroplasts.

Microbial Growth: 
Definition of growth; Growth curve; Mathematical expression of exponential growth phase; Measurement of growth and growth yields; Synchronous growth; Continuous culture; Effect of environmental factors on growth.

Control of Micro-organisms: 
Effect of physical and chemical agents; Evaluation of effectiveness of antimicrobial agents.

Microbial Metabolism:
redox reactions and electron carriers; An overview of metabolism; Glycolysis; Pentose-phosphate pathway; Entner-Doudoroff pathway; Glyoxalate pathway; The citric acid cycle; Fermentation; Aerobic and anaerobic respiration; Chemolithotrophy; Photosynthesis; Calvin cycle; Biosynthetic pathway for fatty acids synthesis; Common regulatory mechanisms in synthesis of amino acids; Regulation of major metabolic pathways.

Microbial Diseases and Host Pathogen Interaction: 
Normal microbiota; Classification of infectious diseases; Reservoirs of infection; Nosocomial infection; Emerging infectious diseases; Mechanism of microbial pathogenicity; Nonspecific defense of host; Antigens and antibodies; Humoral and cell mediated immunity; Vaccines; Immune deficiency; Human diseases caused by viruses, bacteria, and pathogenic fungi.

General characteristics of antimicrobial drugs; Antibiotics: Classification, mode of action and resistance; Antifungal and antiviral drugs.

Microbial Genetics: 
Types of mutation; UV and chemical mutagens; Selection of mutants; Ames test for mutagenesis; Bacterial genetic system: transformation, conjugation, transduction, recombination, plasmids, transposons; DNA repair; Regulation of gene expression: repression and induction; Operon model; Bacterial genome with special reference to E.coli; Phage λ and its life cycle; RNA phages; RNA viruses; Retroviruses; Basic concept of microbial genomics.

Microbial Ecology: 
Microbial interactions; Carbon, sulphur and nitrogen cycles; Soil microorganisms associated with vascular plants.